Green Screen / Blue Screen
This page explains how to combine a video and background by adding transparency to the video using the Chroma Keying Basic Filter of mimoLive™.
To learn more about how to work and set up a Green Screen including correct lighting refer to Chroma Keying.
Activate the Chroma Keying Basic filter
Navigate to the fx dropdown menu and activate the Chroma Keying Basic filter.
Setup: Auto Adjust
The Chroma Keying Basic Filter is a quick and easy solution. There is an Auto Adjust option available. By clicking on the “Start” button the filter will analyse the current video image and try to find optimal values for the current content. Later on you can fine adjust the values.
This is a step by step procedure on how to setup the Chroma Keying Basic Filter:
1. Switch to the “Hue Setup” view by selecting it in the “Mode” popup menu. A rainbow bar with a histogram should appear at the bottom of the filter preview area. The histogram tells you how much of a certain color is seen in the video. The maximum peak should be your backdrop color.
2. Now you can either click with the mouse cursor into the filter preview and select the backdrop color you want to key directly in the video or adjust the “Hue Min” and “Hue Max” values to select the backdrop color. You can do so either with the parameters or drag them in the histogram.
3. After you selected the hue of your backdrop color you need to specify the saturation. Please use the “Mode” popup menu to switch to the “Saturation Setup” view.
4. Use the “Saturation Min” and “Saturation Max” parameter to narrow down the selection of your color range. You can do so either with the parameters or drag them in the histogram.
5. The next step is to specify the lightness. Please use the “Mode” popup menu to switch to the “Lightness Setup” view and clamp the reds in the histogram like you did with the “Saturation”.
6. If you switch to the “Feather Check” view with the “Mode” popup you can see wether your key is good or has still pixels that aren’t keyed out correctly. The blinking red dots tells you that this particular pixel has some transparency with it. This may not be a bad thing because this is exactly what is desirable for hairs. If there are unwanted artefacts you need to go back to step 2 and refine your settings. The “Feather” value let you widen or shrink the feather area.
7. Finally you may switch to the “Despill Check” view with the “Mode” popup. This view shows you in a blinking manner where the backdrop spilled onto the actor and what the despill feature will change. You can setup the “Despill Amount” (how much the backdrop color should be changed) and the “Despill Color” (the color which is used to replace the spilled backdrop color). It makes sense to set the Despill Color to the same tone that the inserted background will look like in the
Adding A Drop Shadow To Create Illusion Of Depth
If your final background will be a wall of any kind (e.g. a weather map) you may want to have a drop shadow on this wall to create the illusion of depth. The “Drop Shadow” option will allow you to control the offset of the drop shadow in “X” and “Y” direction as well as the “Opacity” and the “Blur”.
Applying A Quick Mask To Cover Unwanted Content
If your video image shows some unwanted pixels at the edges you can crop them away with the “Quick Mask” option. E.g. this is helpful if your chroma key backdrop is not wide enough to fill the complete video frame.
Checking The Result On A Sample Background
In the filter setup you have the option to add a sample background to check if your chromakey works well. Make sure to choose a background that matches the final background of your video production the most. You have the options to have
- No Background
- Custom Image
- Custom Solid Color
Adjust the Color Of The Video Frame
Sometimes it may be necessary to apply some color corrections before the chroma keyer can do a proper job. In the “Color Correction” section you can adjust “Saturation”, “Brightness” and “Contrast”. However we recommend to fix the backdrop and your camera settings before using this option.
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